Asia is home to the majority of humanity, lively cities, sublime landscapes and almost endless options. Asia varies from the mega-cities and technology capitals of East Asia to the magnificent monuments in South Asia, and from the beach bungalows and jungle treks of Southeast Asia to the desert ruins and modern mega-malls of the Middle East.
Singapore is a city-state in Southeast Asia. Founded as a British trading colony in 1819, since independence it has become one of the world's most prosperous countries and boasts one of the world's busiest ports.
Central Asia consists of Asia east of the Caspian Sea. The region has no exact boundaries, but is usually considered to include the former Soviet republics, as well as Afghanistan; also known as "the -stans".