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Central Asia

Central Asia consists of Asia east of the Caspian Sea. The region has no exact boundaries, but is usually considered to include the former Soviet republics, as well as Afghanistan; also known as "the -stans".

Kabul has been the capital of Afghanistan since about 1776. The city has been badly damaged during the various 1979–2001 wars, particularly its western parts.

Uzbekistan has borders with Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. It is doubly landlocked, but includes the southern shoreline of the Aral Sea.

Kazakhstan is the largest landlocked country and, as the world's ninth biggest country by area, is the largest of the former states of the former Soviet Union apart from Russia itself.

Afghanistan is a landlocked and mountainous country in the heart of Asia, bordered by Pakistan to the south and east, Iran to the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan to the north.

Turkmenistan is a country in Central Asia with a population of about 5 million, and an area around half a million km2, or almost the size of Spain.

Tashkent is the capital city of Uzbekistan. It is an ancient city on the Great Silk Road from China to Europe.

Kyrgyzstan (Кыргызстан, formally the Kyrgyz Republic is a Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions.

Tajikistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia that borders Afghanistan to the south, China to the east, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and Uzbekistan to the west and northwest.

Almaty, in Almaty Province, is the former capital of Kazakhstan, and still its largest city and the financial and cultural center.

Bishkek is the capital and the largest city of the Kyrgyz Republic.

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