Europe's well preserved cultural heritage, open borders and efficient infrastructure make visiting a breeze, and you'll rarely have to travel more than a few hours before you can immerse yourself in a new culture.

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Noisy, vibrant and truly multicultural, London is a megalopolis of people, ideas and frenetic energy.

Rome, the 'Eternal City', is the capital and largest city of Italy and of the Lazio region.

Paris, the cosmopolitan capital of France, is one of the largest agglomerations in Europe, with 2.2 million people living in the dense central city and almost 12 million people living in the metropolitan area.

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In Europe

Britain and Ireland are the two main islands of an archipelago, the British Isles, just northwest of the European mainland.

Central Europe is a region forming the heart of Europe. It includes the German-speaking countries, four former Warsaw Pact member states that have successfully joined the European Union, and Slovenia, a former Yugoslav republic, now also a member of the EU.

Scandinavia is a European region north of the Baltic Sea. At almost 1.2 million square kilometres it is one of the largest regions in Europe, but home to only around 24 million people, accounting for a mere 4% of the population of Europe.

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a large country in Southern Europe. Together with Greece, it is acknowledged as the birthplace of Western culture.

The Balkans is a region that includes countries on the Balkan Peninsula in the southeast of Europe, including most of the former Yugoslavia.

Benelux is an economic union comprising three neighbouring monarchies, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.

Russia is by far the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, spanning …

The Iberian Peninsula is the westernmost section of the European continent, lying between the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.

France, officially the French Republic, is a country with which almost every traveller has a relationship.

Turkey is on the Mediterranean, in the Anatolian region of West Asia, with a small section in Southeastern Europe separated by the Turkish Straits from Asia.

Greece is a country in Southern Europe, on the southernmost tip of the Balkan peninsula, with extensive coastlines and islands in the Aegean, Ionian, and Mediterranean Seas.

Ukraine is a large country in Eastern Europe. It lies at the northwest end of the Black Sea, with Russia to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland to the northwest, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, and Romania to the south west and south, with Moldova in between.

The Caucasus mountain range runs between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, largely following Russia's southernmost border.

The Baltic states are three countries of north-eastern Europe, on the Baltic Sea.

Belarus is in Eastern Europe. It has borders with Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania and Latvia.

Malta is an island country in the Mediterranean Sea that lies south of the island of Sicily, Italy.

Cyprus is an island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey. After Sicily and Sardinia, Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.

The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is a self-proclaimed republic on the northern and eastern side of the island of Cyprus.

The principality of Monaco or the city-state Monaco lies in between the Alps and the Mediterranean Sea, bounded by the French Riviera to the east and west, with the Italian Riviera only a few kilometres farther to the east.

The Alps are a range of mountains in Europe caused by uplift in the European Plate as it is impacted by the African Plate moving north; they stretch from Italy through France, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, and into the former Yugoslav republic of Slovenia.

San Marino is the third smallest state in Europe, and claims to be the world's oldest republic.

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