Madagascar is a country located in the Indian Ocean off the eastern coast of Africa. It is the fourth largest island in the world. Despite its proximity to Africa, language and DNA studies show that the people of Madagascar originally arrived from Borneo and Polynesia between 350 BC and 550 AD.
Antananarivo, also known as Tana, is the capital of Madagascar. Antananarivo has a temperate climate, despite being situated in the Tropics, due to its high elevation of 1,300 to 1,400 metres above sea level.