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Middle East

The Middle East is a region in Western Asia, located between the eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean. The term "Middle East" was created by British military strategists in the 19th century, and definitions of it vary; it is not simply a geographical term, but also a Eurocentric political one, connoting that it separates Europe from the Far East.
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“Istanbul was Constantinople. Now it's Istanbul, not Constantinople” — Jimmy Kennedy, Istanbul, 1953 As the above, profound lyrics demonstrate, Istanbul is not Constantinople.
The Republic of Lebanon is a small country within the Middle East region with its capital being Beirut.
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Dubai is a cosmopolitan metropolis and global city on the Arabian Peninsula.
Jordan is a country in the Middle East almost completely landlocked.
Turkey is on the Mediterranean, in the Anatolian region of West Asia, with a small section in Southeastern Europe separated by the Turkish Straits from Asia.
The Middle East Sultanate of Oman is on the eastern side of the Arabian Peninsula.
The State of Israel is a small yet diverse Middle Eastern country bordered by Egypt and the Gaza Strip to the southwest, by the West Bank and Jordan to the east, and by Syria and Lebanon to the north.
The Palestinian territories consist of two physically separate entities, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, in the Middle East.
Iran is a large country between the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea.
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Saudi Arabia is a Middle Eastern country that occupies most of the Arabian peninsula and has coastlines on the Persian Gulf and Red Sea.
Georgia is a country in the Caucasus. It lies at the eastern end of the Black Sea, with Turkey and Armenia to the south, Azerbaijan to the east, and Russia to the north, over the Caucasus Mountains.
Syria was one of the larger states of the Middle East but is now in prospect of fragmentation.
The Caucasus mountain range runs between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, largely following Russia's southernmost border.
Occupying a small peninsula jutting into the Persian Gulf is Qatar, a rich Arab state to the north of Saudi Arabia, east of Bahrain and west of the United Arab Emirates.
Jerusalem is the capital and largest city of Israel, though most other countries including United Nations do not recognize it as Israel's capital.
Cyprus is an island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey.
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Armenia is a landlocked country in the Caucasus that is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, Iran to the south, Azerbaijan to the east, and Azerbaijan's Naxcivan exclave to the southwest.
Iraq is a country in the Middle East. It lies at the north end of the Persian Gulf and has a small coastline in the southeast of the country.
The United Arab Emirates is a federation of seven emirates on the eastern side of the Arabian peninsula, at the entrance to the Persian Gulf.
Yemen is on the southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula, and sharing borders with Saudi Arabia and Oman.
Kuwait is a country in the Middle East. It is located at the head of the Persian Gulf, with Iraq to the north and west, and Saudi Arabia to the southwest.
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