North West China was historically a border region with the beginning of the ancient Silk Road, much desert terrain, and mainly Muslim inhabitants including some nomads and rather fierce tribal groups.
Popular in Northwest China
Xi'an is a city in Shaanxi Province in China. The oldest surviving capital of ancient China, Xi'an is home to thousands of years of Chinese heritage and history.
Kashgar is in the extreme west of China and the Southwest extreme of Xinjiang. It is also at a junction between two branches of the old Silk Road.
In Northwest China
Xinjiang is located in the North West of China, in the Mongolian Uplands. It is on the traditional Silk Road.
Shaanxi, pronounced roughly "Shahn-shee", is a north-central province of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling Mountains across the southern part of the province.
Gansu is a province in the North West region of China. Historically, it is the combination of the two regions, gan and su, and marked the end or beginning of China proper depending upon if you were traveling east towards Xi'an or west towards Central Asia and Europe.
Ningxia is an autonomous region in North West China. Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, established on October 25th, 1958, is bordered by Inner Mongolia to the north and west, Shaanxi to the east and Gansu to the south.