Scandinavia or the Nordic countries is a European region north of the Baltic Sea. At almost 1.2 million square kilometres it is one of the largest regions in Europe, but home to only around 24 million people, accounting for a mere 4% of the population of Europe.
Helsinki or Helsingfors is the capital of Finland. Founded in 1550, the "Daughter of the Baltic" has been the Finnish capital since 1812, when it was rebuilt by the tsars of Russia along the lines of a miniature St.
Denmark is a country in Scandinavia. The main part of it is Jutland, a peninsula north of Germany, but also with a number of islands, including the two major ones, Zealand and Funen in the Baltic Sea between Jutland and Sweden.