Syria was one of the larger states of the Middle East but is now in prospect of fragmentation. Its capital, and second largest city after Aleppo, is Damascus, the world's oldest continuously inhabited city.
Popular in Syria
Damascus is the capital of Syria and its largest city, with about 4.5 million people.
Aleppo is the largest city in Syria - population 2.1 million. As it is in any Muslim country, the call to prayer is called out from mosques five times a day starting in the early morning.
Palmyra is in Syria. Palmyra is known as Tadmor to the Syrians. Both mean the same thing - date palm.
The Hauran is a volcanic plateau in southern Syria. It includes Damascus, the capital.
Northwestern Syria is the region around Aleppo, Syria. It contains the Dead Cities as well.
The Coast and mountains of Syria is a region in the west of the country. It is green and fertile, relatively Christian, somewhat liberal, and dominated by Phoenician and Crusader history.
The Syrian Desert is a vast and sparsely populated region in Syria. It is the basin of the river Euphrates.
The Orontes Valley is a region in west-central Syria.